Unsure of the best payment option to use when mining Bitcoin in a pool with your S19 ASIC miners? This post will explain the variations between PPS and PPLNS.
Cryptocurrency mining has grown in popularity as a means of generating virtual currency but selecting the best payment model is essential for maximizing profits. PPLNS (Pay Per Last N Shares) and PPS (Pay Per Share) models are two that are frequently used.
The better payment method depends on your specific mining objectives and risk tolerance. Here are a few considerations:
- Stability: If you prefer a stable income stream and immediate payouts, PPS might be more suitable.
- Long-term commitment: If you want to encourage long-term mining commitment and are willing to tolerate some payout variance, PPLNS can be a good option.
- Mining efficiency: If you have a high hash rate and want to maximize your mining efficiency, PPS may be more beneficial, as it rewards you for each share contributed.
In order to help you choose wisely based on your mining objectives, we will examine the subtleties of each model in this blog, as well as their benefits and drawbacks.
Table of Contents
What Are Bitcoin Mining Pools?
Bitcoin mining pools are collections of dispersed Bitcoin miners who work together to create blocks and split the rewards according to how much each miner contributed to the pool. By paying a small discount to the pool coordinator in the form of fees, this enables miners to smooth out their income.
The amount of work that goes into a mining pool is expressed in terms of hash rate, which is a measurement of how many attempts are made per second to find a new block.
The mining pool coordinator receives the block reward from each miner who discovers a block in the pool. The coordinator pays each pool participant based on their hash rate contribution after deducting a small fee.
When solo mining stopped being profitable during the early days of Bitcoin mining, pool mining was introduced. The more shares you submit, the more you’ll earn, and the more shares you submit, the more powerful your hardware is. Each pool has its own payment system it uses to pay its miners. PPS and PPLNS are two of the most popular choices.
Overview of Common Bitcoin Mining Pool Payment Methods
The rewards are distributed among miners by bitcoin mining pools using a variety of payment methods. Here is an overview of some common payment methods:
Pay Per Share (PPS)
PPS offers an instant flat payout for each share that is solved. A miner receives a standard payout rate under this payment scheme for each completed share. A specific quantity of mineable cryptocurrency is represented by each share.
The mining pool fees are subtracted before the miners receive their daily fixed salary. The returns are thus comparatively stable when using the PPS mode. Here, there is a risk to the miners. It’s possible that they won’t receive the transaction fees.
It is perfect for long-term low-cost orders. During a coin’s bearish run, this model becomes profitable.
Full Pay Per Share (FPPS)
In this mode, the mining service fee and the block reward are both settled using the theoretical profit. Determine a standard transaction fee in a predetermined time frame and distribute it to miners in proportion to their pooled hash power contributions. By splitting some of the transaction fees with the miners, it boosts their income.
You will be compensated using the PPS and FPPS payment methods regardless of whether the pool discovers a block or not. The most important benefit over PPLNS is this. The PPLNS plan has higher risks and rewards.
Pay Per Last N Shares (PPLNS):
Profits will then be divided according to how many shares the miners contribute in this situation. The block mined out is closely related to this kind of allocation technique. The miners will make a lot of money if the mining pool excavates several blocks in one day. However, if the mining pool is only able to mine one block all day, the miners will make no money at all.
Notably, the PPLNS model and a pool’s luck have a strong short-term correlation. The short-term luck factor of a specific mining pool can go down, which will result in a decrease in the miner’s income (although the opposite is also possible: a mining pool can go up in luck). But over time, luck has a tendency to average out to the mean.
Therefore, this model is perfect for fixing orders on a large pool that has a high chance of finding a block within the order time limit. Alternatively, a standard order will keep miners connected for a longer period of time.
Pay Per Share + (PPS+):
PPS+ combines the previously mentioned modes, PPS and PPLNS. Following the PPS model, the block reward is settled. And the mining service fee or transaction fee is paid in accordance with the PPLNS mode.
To put it another way, in this mode the miner can also earn a portion of the transaction fee based on the PPLNS payment method. This was one of the PPS model’s biggest flaws.
PPS (Pay Per Share) Payment Model
Pay-Per-Share is referred to as PPS. Miner rewards in a PPS pool are not based on rounds. Instead, based on network difficulty, the mining pool operator purchases shares from the miners at a price that reflects the share’s anticipated contribution to finding a block.
Benefits of PPS
Almost Deterministic Rewards: Since miner rewards don’t depend on block finding randomness, PPS reduces earnings variances to share finding randomness, which is hardly noticeable. In comparison to other reward systems, the earnings have a tendency to be significantly more stable and predictable over short periods of time.
Thwarts Pool Hopping: Since they are paid in shares rather than rounds in a PPS pool, miners are not susceptible to pool hoppers.
Problems With PPS
A PPS pool operator assumes all earnings risks rather than dividing them among miners and pool operators. PPS pools typically charge a much higher fee as a result. Miners at PPS pools typically make less money over the long term than miners at PPLNS pools, and even less than Proportional when cheating isn’t taking place.
PPLNS (Pay Per Last N Shares) Payment Model
Pay-Per-Last-N-Shares, or PPLNS, is more intricate and challenging to implement than proportional, but it addresses some of proportional’s main issues.
Similar to proportional, PPLNS payments are made in rounds. When deciding which shares will be taken into consideration, PPLNS does not take the beginning of the round or previous rounds into account.
PPLNS works by selecting shares backwards starting from when a block is found and ending after shares add up to an amount called “N”, or the PPLNS “window”. The amount of N is typically determined by the network’s difficulty.
From the shares chosen by the PPLNS window, each miner receives a proportionate reward. For instance, a miner will receive 50% of the block reward if their shares comprise 50% of the shares in the PPLNS window.
Like in proportional systems, the shares taken into account for calculating rewards are not constrained by the beginning and end of rounds, so they may extend into earlier rounds or be less than the total shares of the most recent round.
Benefits of PPLNS
Thwarts Pool Hopping: By rendering pool hopping ineffective without penalizing sporadic miners, PPLNS makes earnings more equitable. Pool hoppers are unable to determine when to start and stop mining because the PPLNS window’s start isn’t known until the end of the round. A pool hopper might even lose all of their money during a round.
Stable Round Rewards: Earnings from PPLNS rounds typically have more stable earnings because shares don’t reset to zero at the beginning of each round like in proportional systems. The length of the round won’t result in you earning less or nothing at all.
Best Long-Term Earnings: PPLNS pools typically earn more than other payout systems when measured over long periods of time because of less cheating and typically low fees.
Problems With PPLNS
Because miners receive their rewards directly from discovered blocks, similar to proportional systems, fluctuations in short-term earnings will depend on the pool’s luck. With enough blocks and time, the earnings still average out to what is anticipated.
Difference Between PPS Vs PPLNS Payment Models?
Two common payment models used in cryptocurrency mining are PPS (Pay Per Share) and PPLNS (Pay Per Last N Shares). The way rewards are given to miners makes the biggest difference.
PS: Miners are paid a set amount for each valid share they contribute, whether or not the block is discovered. It provides a steady payout but entails greater risk for the pool operator.
PPLNS: Miners are compensated according to the quantity of shares they contribute over a predetermined time. Once a block has been located, the rewards are given out. Long-term miners can expect higher earnings because it offers variable payouts, but it also requires more patience.
The decision between PPS and PPLNS ultimately comes down to personal preferences for predictable payouts or potential higher earnings.
Should I Choose PPS Or PPLNS?
This is one of the initial queries that the majority of miners have. Is Pay Per Share or Pay Per Last N Share pools the better option? PPLNS is unquestionably the pool for you if you are someone who doesn’t switch pools frequently because these pools are good at rewarding their devoted miners.
Pay Per Share: No matter what, PPS is our suggestion if you require a fixed payout at the end of the day to liquidate or for any other reason. Pay Per Share works well for large mining operations that have statistics and the ability to calculate. PPS is beneficial to large miners but extremely detrimental to pool owners because there is a guaranteed payout for work regardless of whether the pool hits the block or not. The majority of mining pools have switched to the PPLNS payment model due to this and pool hoppers (unloyal pool miners).
Pay Per Last N Shares: We strongly advise PPLNS if you want to gather and hold more coins. A share based on your hashrate will be given to you for each block that your pool discovers. In contrast to PPS, PPLNS pays out more frequently, and over time, PPLNS will reward you more than PPS. Calculating your mining income is challenging, though, due to wide variations. As the payouts are only based on the blocks found, PPLNS is advantageous for both mid-range miners and pool owners. If your pool is luckier, you’ll receive payments more frequently. In the event that the pool finds blocks frequently, this is why miners tend to stick with a pool with more hash power.
For miners who want to maximize profits and who intend to mine for a very long time, PPLNS pools are ideal.
Miners who are willing to forgo long-term gains in order to receive predictable rewards quickly prefer PPS pools.
In conclusion, your personal mining goals and preferences will determine the best payment model for you, be it PPS or PPLNS. Your best bet might be PPS if stability and predictable payouts are important to you.
PPLNS, on the other hand, might be a better option if you’re looking for a higher earning potential and are prepared to accept some variation in payouts. Take into account elements like the frequency and length of your mining as well as the pool operator’s reputation and dependability.
In order to gain useful insights into the effectiveness of each payment model, it is also crucial to stay informed by looking at actual case studies and user experiences. You can optimize your mining experience and maximize your earnings by making a well-informed decision based on your particular circumstances and preferences.
Do not forget that PPS and PPLNS each have advantages and things to keep in mind. Finding the ideal ratio between stability and potential earnings that supports your mining goals ultimately determines which option is best.
What is a Pplns Payout?
The PPLNS (Pay Per Last N Share) payout scheme only pays miners once a block has been successfully found. Once a block has been found, this method calculates the share contributions that each miner made to the pool in the past, determining the payout amounts.
Is Pplns More Profitable Than PPS?
You will be compensated using the PPS and FPPS payment methods regardless of whether the pool discovers a block or not. This is the most significant advantage over PPLNS. With the PPLNS plan, the risks and rewards are greater.
Which is Better PPS Vs Pplns?
This method of calculating payouts includes a “luck” factor. Using PPLNS your payout per share will have a large range (30% more or less on your payouts), but on average, PPLNS earns more than PPS (by 5% or so) in the long run (a month or more). PPLNS, where N is a number, stands for pay-per-last-N-shares.
What is the Most Profitable Mining System?
Some of the most profitable and best ASIC Bitcoin miners include:
- Bitmain Antminer S19 XP Hyd (255Th)
- Bitmain Antminer S19 XP (140Th)
- Canaan Avalon Made A1366
- MicroBT Whatsminer M50S
- MicroBT WhatsMiner M56S